Facial Plast Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1715616
Original Article

Facelift Surgery: History, Anatomy, and Recent Innovations

1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Oren Friedman
2  Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
› Institutsangaben

Abstract

Facelift surgery has become a beautifully predictable, safe, and extremely effective operation. Our patients can expect natural and long-lasting results as a direct outcome of our improved understanding and applications of surgical facial anatomy. Rhytidectomy, once an operation of simple well-placed elliptical skin excisions, evolved to include longer skin flaps, skin and platysma flaps with various superficial muscular aponeurotic system (SMAS) manipulations, and various deep plane techniques involving the skin and SMAS as a single unit composite flap. Extended deep plane rhytidectomy and vertical vector neck and SMAS lifting have emerged in recent years as techniques that extend the traditional deep plane dissection into the neck in a subplatysmal plane to allow for release of the platysma from the cervical retaining ligaments. This, ultimately, allows for the creation of a dramatically more youthful appearing face, neck, and jawline.



Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
16. September 2020 (online)

Thieme Medical Publishers
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