Facial Plast Surg 2020; 36(04): 462-477
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713823
Original Article

Complications in Lower Face Rejuvenation: Avoiding, Minimizing, Recognizing, Dealing with Them, and Helping the Patient through the Process of Fixing the Problems

William H. Truswell
1  Aesthetic Laser and Cosmetic Surgery Center, Northampton, Massachusetts
› Author Affiliations


All surgical and minimally invasive procedures carry a risk of complications. It is imperative that the facial plastic surgeon and his/her staff are well educated in recognizing and managing all the possible problems that could arise. They must also be ready and able to deal with and correct any problem. The patient undergoing surgery or a procedure also needs to be informed of all possible sequelae and complications. Sequelae will happen after almost all procedures. These include soreness, swelling, bruising, and so on. If the patients understand that these are to be expected, they will be less likely to be overly concerned about them. They also must be educated about all the possible complications. They should be told that while complications are very rare, they could nevertheless happen. If a problem should arise, the surgeon and his/her staff should correct it and see that the patient receives the best care possible. This article examines the complications that could occur after rejuvenation surgery and minimally invasive procedures of the lower face and neck, what measures can be undertaken to reduce the risks, and how to recognize and manage them.

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 August 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Thieme Medical Publishers
333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.