CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Methods Inf Med 2020; 59(S 02): e79-e89
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713086
Original Article for a Focus Theme

Usability Evaluation of a Distributed User Interface Application for Visuomotor Organization Assessment

Cristian Cuerda
1  Universidad de Castilla—La Mancha, Albacete, Spain
Dulce Romero-Ayuso
2  Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Jose A. Gallud
1  Universidad de Castilla—La Mancha, Albacete, Spain
Carmen Morales
2  Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Ricardo Tesoriero
1  Universidad de Castilla—La Mancha, Albacete, Spain
Jose-Matias Triviño-Juarez
3  Primary Care Center Zaidin Sur, Andalusian Health Service, Granada, Spain
Habib M. Fardoun
4  Ahlia University, Ahlia, Bahrain
› Author Affiliations
Funding This research has been partially supported by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Spain) under grant RTI2018–099942-B-I00. This work has been supported by the fellowship 2019/451 from the University of Castilla-La Mancha.


Background This article describes the development and evaluation of a distributed user interface (DUI) application to assess visuomotor organization ability. This application enables therapists to evaluate the acquired brain injury (ABI) on patients, and patients, to perform the assessment on a touch screen while therapists can observe the assessment process in real time on a separated monitor without interfering patients during the process as in traditional methodologies employing physical elements.

Objectives The main goal of this research is the evaluation of the quality in use of DUIs in the Pegboard Construction assessment with patients with ABI from the therapist perspective in the area of occupational therapy.

Methods To evaluate our system, we have performed a usability evaluation following the ISO/IEC 25010 and ISO/IEC 25062 standards to evaluate software usability and quality and it was conducted in collaboration with therapists and psychologists that have previously worked with people with ABI in diagnostic and assessment tasks.

Results We show the results of the evaluation collected in a table that shows the completeness rate for each user for both, assisted (i.e., the percentage of tasks where participants performed with test director assistance) and unassisted tasks (i.e., the percentage of tasks where participants completed tasks autonomously), the total time participants required to complete proposed tasks, the number of mistakes participants performed during the session, and the number of assists they required to finish proposed tasks. In addition, we also evaluated the user satisfaction regarding our application using the system usability scale.

Conclusion The use of information technologies in this field enables therapists to perform these evaluations in a simpler, efficient, and automated way. This proposal enables patients to perform the assessment as it is performed traditionally using paper providing them with a touch screen in which they can easily insert a set of pins into the holes. The usability evaluation of the proposal meets the appropriate design standards for applications of this type, and this is demonstrated by the high degree of satisfaction of the participants.

Publication History

Received: 05 November 2019

Accepted: 02 March 2020

Publication Date:
07 September 2020 (online)

© 2020. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany