Semin Neurol 2020; 40(02): 177-191
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1702938
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Treatable Movement Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood

Bhooma R. Aravamuthan
1  Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Neurology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
,
Toni S. Pearson
1  Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Neurology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
20 February 2020 (online)

Abstract

Movement disorders in childhood can be difficult to diagnose early. Disease processes present variably and can mimic each other. It is particularly important to remain vigilant for the subset of these movement disorders that are treatable. These disorders can be managed with (1) treatments specific to the disease that substantially reduce symptoms; (2) treatments that can prevent progression; (3) treatments that can hasten recovery; or (4) surveillance and management of the associated, sometimes life-threatening, comorbidities. Here, we present a practical and phenomenology-oriented framework for diagnosing and managing these treatable movement disorders of infancy and early childhood.