Homeopathy 2020; 109(01): A1-A28
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1702126
Poster Abstracts
The Faculty of Homeopathy

Systematic Observations Suggest a Non-material Mode of Action in Substances Diluted beyond Inverse Avogadro’s Number – A Pre-Pilot Study in Human Volunteers

Karin Reinhart
1  Private practice, Erlenbach ZH, Switzerland
Verena Cucci
2  Private practice, Staefa ZH, Switzerland
Klaus von Ammon
3  GP practice, Staefa ZH, Switzerland
4  Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
05 February 2020 (online)


Background: The mode of action of potentised substances beyond inverse Avogadro‘s number is yet unknown, despite proven effects on complex biological systems, such as plant and animal laboratory experiments, homeopathic drug provings and therapeutic use in humans.

Objectives: To demonstrate (i) individual susceptibility to homeopathic ultra-high diluted remedies (HUHDRs) and (ii) non-material effects of HUHDRs in humans.

Method: Healthy volunteers participated in an observational application trial of different HUHDRs in various potencies using a gas discharge visualisation (GDV, bio-well.com) camera for biometric measurement of changes in the bioelectric field taken from electrophotonic emissions of the fingertips.

Results: In all three participants, without ingesting but holding the respective probes of HUHDRs, (i) individual reactions to certain remedies, (ii) non material-transferred effects, (iii) time-related instant or post-withdrawal vanishing effects, and (iv) individual specific reaction patterns to so-called constitutional remedies were detected, on both the psycho-emotional and the physiological level.

Conclusion: This is the first published systematic approach to demonstrate a non-material field-like mode of action of HUHDRs in humans by GDV. This non-invasive, well-established and safe biometric method is a promising step of biomarker development in HUHDR research. Furthermore, these preliminary results might draw attention to this way of demonstrating effects of HUHDRs and encourage further in-depth research in this field.

Keywords: Mode of action, ultra-high dilution, biometric method, gas discharge visualization