Homeopathy 2020; 109(01): A1-A28
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1702122
Poster Abstracts
The Faculty of Homeopathy

Implication for Hydrogen Free Radical Formation in the Presence of Hydrogen Nanobubbles

Ichiro Otsuka
1  Ex-affiliation Department of Chemistry, Ohu University, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
05 February 2020 (online)


Strong vertical shaking in the traditional homeopathic preparation can cause the generation of air nanobubbles in water. Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA) images of 4CH and 30CH water may reveal Brownian bubbles with a mean diameter of around 100nm and concentration of 3–4 × 107 particles/mL. Nanobubble research may provide a new approach to understanding of homeopathy as there exists a close parallelism between homeopathic dilution and nanobubble water.

Using NTA, we have studied a puzzling phenomenon of size-dependent spontaneous combustion inside H2/O2 nanobubbles in the mixture of hydrogen and oxygen nanobubble water. We measured time-dependent NTA size distributions of H2/O2 nanobubbles after mixing H2 and O2 nanobubble water to determine the size of the mixed gas nanobubbles pertaining to the combustion. We found an initial increase and subsequent decrease in the total volume of the nanobubbles, showing a significant reduction in the number density of the nanobubbles with less than 100 nm. This implies water formation at room temperature through hydrogen free radical generation that is conjectured from the experiments of hydrogen nanobubble effects found by electron spin resonance and fluorescence spectroscopy and by simulations.

Keywords: Hydrogen, nanobubbles, water, hydrogen, free radical generation