CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Revista Chilena de Ortopedia y Traumatología 2019; 60(03): 106-111
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1698796
Review Article | Artículo de Revisión
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Dolor en la Artrosis de Rodilla

Pain in Knee Osteoarthritis
1   Doctorado en Artroscopia de la Rodilla, Máster en Urgencias Médicas, Especialista en Ortopedia y Traumatología, Profesor Titular, Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech, Investigador auxiliar del CITMA, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas, Camagüey, Cuba
2   Médico cirujano, Asociación Chilena de Seguridad (ACHS), Chillán, Chile
Yenima de la Caridad García Lorenzo
3   Especialista en Medicina General Integral, Profesor Asistente, Policlínico Universitario Tula Aguilera, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas, Camagüey, Cuba
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

13 September 2018

09 September 2019

Publication Date:
01 November 2019 (online)


El dolor constituye el síntoma fundamental de la artrosis, sus características e interpretación permiten el diagnóstico certero y también conocer la magnitud de esa entidad. El objetivo de este trabajo, es profundizar los conocimientos sobre los elementos más esenciales relacionados con el dolor en la artrosis de la rodilla. Se describen las causas mecánicas y bioquímicas del dolor, entre las que resaltan el dolor óseo, sinovial, así como los factores bioquímicos relacionados con ese síntoma. Se hace referencia a las principales estructuras anatómicas responsables del dolor y sus mecanismos de acción. Se mencionan la relación existente entre ese síntoma y las modalidades imagenológicas, así como los patrones del dolor. Para finalizar, se hace referencia a las escalas de dolor usadas.


Pain is the main symptom of osteoarthritis. Determining the distinctive features of pain in knee osteoarthritis allows for an accurate diagnosis. This article gives a review of the results from research work on the typical features of knee osteoarthritic pain. The mechanics and biochemical causes of pain are described including both bone and synovial biochemical symptom-related factors. The relationships between knee pain, various imaging techniques and pain mechanism are also identified. Finally, the used pain scales are presented.

Declaración y Verificación de la Presentación

Este trabajo no ha sido previamente publicado ni presentado simultáneamente en otra revista y tiene la autorización de los autores y sus establecimientos asistenciales.

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