Facial plast Surg 2019; 35(03): 219-223
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688797
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Superficial Dermal Fillers with Hyaluronic Acid

1  Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
,
Steven H. Dayan
2  Department of Facial Plastic Surgery, Chicago Center for Facial Plastic Surgery, Chicago, Illinois
3  Department of Otolaryngology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
12 June 2019 (online)

Abstract

Minimally invasive aesthetic procedures with hyaluronic acid filler have increased drastically since their development in 1989. Patients' desires to avoid surgery and achieve rapid results with minimal recovery led to a transformation in facial plastic surgery, demanding that aesthetic surgeons become proficient in nonsurgical augmentation. Over the years, new hyaluronic acid filler products were developed with different intrinsic properties, allowing clinicians to better treat different deficiencies of the face, reduce postprocedural pain, and optimize outcomes. The purpose of this article is to review the current state of nonsurgical facial plastic surgery with the superficial dermal filler, hyaluronic acid.