CC BY 4.0 · ACI Open 2019; 03(01): e1-e12
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1684002
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Point-of-Care Mobile Application to Guide Health Care Professionals in Conducting Substance Use Screening and Intervention: A Mixed-Methods User Experience Study

Megan A. O'Grady
1  Health Services Research, Center on Addiction, New York, New York, United States
,
Sandeep Kapoor
2  Northwell Health, New Hyde Park, New York, United States
3  Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, United States
,
Evan Gilmer
1  Health Services Research, Center on Addiction, New York, New York, United States
,
Charles J. Neighbors
1  Health Services Research, Center on Addiction, New York, New York, United States
,
Joseph Conigliaro
2  Northwell Health, New Hyde Park, New York, United States
3  Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, United States
,
Nancy Kwon
2  Northwell Health, New Hyde Park, New York, United States
3  Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, United States
,
Jon Morgenstern
2  Northwell Health, New Hyde Park, New York, United States
3  Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, United States
› Author Affiliations
Funding This work was supported by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA; Grant Number 5U79TI025102). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of SAMHSA.
Further Information

Publication History

05 September 2018

14 January 2019

Publication Date:
27 March 2019 (online)

Abstract

Background Well-documented barriers have limited the widespread, sustained adoption of screening and intervention for substance use problems in health care settings. mHealth applications may address provider-related barriers; however, there is limited research on development and user experience of such applications.

Objective This user experience study examines a provider-focused point-of-care app for substance use screening and intervention in health care settings.

Method This mixed-methods study included think-aloud tasks, task success ratings, semistructured interviews, and usability questionnaires (e.g., System Usability Scale [SUS]) to examine user experience among 12 health coaches who provide substance use services in emergency department and primary care settings.

Results The average rate of successful task completion was 94% and the mean SUS score was 76 out of 100. Qualitative data suggested the app enhanced participants' capability to complete tasks efficiently and effectively. Participants reported being satisfied with the app's features, content, screen layout, and navigation and felt it was easy to learn and could benefit patient interactions. Despite overwhelmingly positive user experience reports, there were some concerns that the app could negatively affect patient interactions due to reductions in eye contact and ability to build rapport.

Conclusion Using the “Fit between Individuals, Task, and Technology” framework to guide interpretation, overall results indicate acceptable user experience and usability for this provider-focused point-of-care mobile app for substance use screening and intervention as well as favorable potential for adoption by health care practitioners. Such mobile health technologies may help to address well-known challenges related to implementing substance use services in health care settings.

Protection of Human and Animal Subjects

This study was conducted in compliance with all human subjects regulations. The study was reviewed and approved by institutional review boards of both the first and second authors.