Facial Plast Surg 2018; 34(05): 474-479
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1670648
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Gender-Related Facial Surgical Goals

Michael Somenek
1   Advanced Facial Plastic Surgery, Washington, District of Columbia
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 October 2018 (online)


In the last several years, there has been an increasing demand for surgical facial feminization or masculinization to treat the gender dysphoric patient. However, while aesthetic ideals for facial rejuvenation are well described and taught, there is a relative paucity of literature on how to achieve a feminine or masculine morphology. It is thus becoming increasingly important for facial plastic surgeons to understand patient goals regarding facial feminization or masculinization, and to have a systematic approach for analyzing the female and male face.

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