Facial Plast Surg 2018; 34(05): 458-465
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1669401
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Ideal Facial Relationships and Goals

Hope Bueller
1   Department of Otolaryngology, Lake Charles Memorial Hospital, Lake Charles, Louisiana
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 October 2018 (online)


Analysis of the face is an essential component of facial plastic surgery. In training, we are taught standards and ideals based on neoclassical models of beauty from Greek and Roman art and architecture. In practice, we encounter a wide range of variation in patient desires and perceptions of beauty. Our goals seem to be ever shifting, yet our education has provided us with a foundation from which to draw ideals of beauty. Plastic surgeons must synthesize classical ideas of beauty with patient desires, cultural nuances, and ethnic considerations all the while maintaining a natural appearance and result. This article gives an overview of classical models of facial proportions and relationships, while also discussing unique ethnic and cultural considerations which may influence the goal for the individual patient.

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