Methods Inf Med 1991; 30(03): 179-186
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1634836
Medical Records
Schattauer GmbH

Foundations for an Electronic Medical Record

A. L. Rector
1  Medical Informatics Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Manchester, Manchester, U. K
,
W. A. Nowlan
1  Medical Informatics Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Manchester, Manchester, U. K
,
S. Kay
1  Medical Informatics Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Manchester, Manchester, U. K
› Author Affiliations
This research was supported in part by the United Kingdom Medical Research Council, grant number SPG8800091, and the Department of Health.
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 February 2018 (online)

Abstract

Given the many efforts currently under way to develop standards for electronic medical records, it is important to step back and reexamine the fundamental principles which should underlie a model of the electronic medical record. This paper presents an analysis based on the experience in developing the PEN & PAD prototype clinical workstation. The fundamental contention is that the requirements for a medical record must be grounded in its use for patient care. The basic requirement is that it be a faithful record of what clinicians have heard, seen, thought, and done. The other requirements for a medical record, e.g., that it be attributable and permanent, follow naturally from this view. We use the criteria developed to re-examine Weed’s Problem Oriented Medical Record and also relate the criteria to secondary uses of the medical record for population data, communications and decision support.