Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018; 66(S 02): S111-S138
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1628358
Short Presentations
Tuesday, February 20, 2018
DGPK: Various II
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Assessment of Needs for Counselling after Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Disease: Development and Evaluation of a Questionnaire

A. Simmelbauer
1  Department of Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
,
S. Bär
2  Max Weber Institute for Sociology, Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
,
S. Starystach
2  Max Weber Institute for Sociology, Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
,
M. Elsässer
3  Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
,
C. Sohn
3  Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
,
A. Müller
1  Department of Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
,
M. Gorenflo
1  Department of Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
,
A. Kovacevic
1  Department of Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
22 January 2018 (online)

Objectives: To develop a questionnaire suitable to assess parental needs for counselling after prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) in the fetus.

Methods: The questionnaire was developed by pediatric and fetal cardiologists, maternal fetal medicine specialists and sociologists based on literature research and analysis of daily practice. Likert scaled and open-ended questions are combined with socio-demographical data. The questionnaire ends with an open-ended question asking for feedback and additional remarks. The feasibility of the questionnaire was pre-tested on six individuals. The revised version was pilot-tested on 17 parents.

Results: Response rate was 89.5%. At time of data collection all children were alive at a median age of 337 days. Gestational age at fetal diagnosis and first counselling was 28+4 weeks (median). The pilot-test reliability of the dependent variable's dimensions and the sorrows item set shows good consistency as shown by high values for the reliability coefficient Cronbach's α of > 0.7 ([Table 1]). The parents´ perceptions were positive and analysis of the open questions showed that they evaluated the questionnaire as good and perceived it as a chance to participate in the treatment of their child.

Conclusion: The questionnaire measures reliably and validly parental needs for counselling after prenatal diagnosis of CHD in the fetus. This newly developed tool enables us to measure counselling success not only in the dimension of transfer of medical information but also in the dimensions of trust in medical staff, transparency regarding the treatment process, coping resources, and perceived situational control. We plan to carry out factor and cluster analyses to find typical subgroups of parents, which can be distinguished in terms of the characteristic value of the dependent variable effective counselling.

Table 1 Internal consistency of the questionnaire

Dimension

Cronbach's α

Transfer of medical knowledge

0.857

Trust in health personnel/medical staff

0.891

Transparency regarding the treatment process

0.841

Coping resources

0.706

Perceived situational control

Sorrows (item 4 excluded)

0.949