J Knee Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1625960
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Polyethylene on Cement Spacers: An Economic Approach to an Effective Infection Eradication in a Two-Stage Knee Revision Articulating Spacers

Junren Lu
Department of Orthopedics, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China
Jing Han
Department of Orthopedics, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China
Chi Zhang
Department of Orthopedics, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China
Zhenjun Yao
Department of Orthopedics, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China
Yi Yang
Department of Orthopedics, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China
› Author Affiliations
Funding This work was supported by Shanghai Municipal Health and Planning Commission Fund (grant no. 201440391).
Further Information

Publication History

02 August 2017

27 December 2017

Publication Date:
06 February 2018 (eFirst)


Although two-stage revision surgery is generally considered as the gold standard treatment for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty, the procedure is limited by the costs of commercially preformed spacers used for treatment. In this work, we aim to report a modified approach by which the cost of the spacer could be significantly reduced without compromising eradication of infection. Between 2010 and 2016, we performed a total of 11 two-stage revision arthroplasties using a surgically handmade spacer with a new polyethylene insert. Patients were aged 59 to 80 years old (mean 69.9 years), with a range of motion (ROM) between 20° and 65° on the affected knee (mean 46.4°) before the first-stage revision surgery. During the perioperative and postoperative period, functional and clinical evaluation of the patients were performed, including the determination of their articular ROM, Knee Society Knee Scores (KSKS), and Knee Society Function Scores (KSFS). All patients were followed up for an average of 2 years, ranging from 1 to 4 years. After the second-stage revision surgery, the mean ROM was increased by 46.8° (46.4°–93.2°) after the second-stage revision. KSKS and KSFS scores were recorded to increase by an average of 44.5° (range 40.4°–84.9°) and 46.9° (range 38.5°–85.4°), respectively. All 11 patients underwent a successful two-stage revision surgery, and no evidence of postsurgical infection was found during patient follow-up examination. Our results show that this personalized handmade antibiotic-loaded articulating spacer is cost-effective and efficacious.


This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University, and written informed consents were obtained from all patients. The data sets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Authors' Contributions

The design of the study and preparation of the manuscript were done by J.R.L., J.H., and C.Z. Y.Y. assisted in the manuscript preparation. C.Z. obtained the funding. Z.J.Y. revised the manuscript for important intellectual content. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. J.R.L. and J.H. are cofirst authors. C.Z. and Z.J.Y. are both corresponding authors in the preparation of this manuscript.