Facial plast Surg 2017; 33(06): 598-605
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608711
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Repair of the Malpositioned Lower Lid

David Chan
1  Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya
2  Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado
Yadranko Ducic
3  Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
01 December 2017 (online)


Complications from surgical approaches to the orbit can be associated with debilitating morbidity and negative surgical outcomes. The surgeon must be familiar with the different factors that predispose a patient to these complications and be facile with techniques to avoid them. In this article, the authors discuss the surgical anatomy of the lower eyelid, as well as various complications that result from eyelid surgery, including lower lid retraction, ectropion, entropion, canthal malposition, and midface descent. They also discuss various management techniques that are employed in addressing these complications.