Facial plast Surg 2017; 33(06): 643-652
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608710
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Role of Camouflage in Management of Facial Trauma Deformities

Oliver Y. Chin
Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California
,
Travis T. Tollefson
Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
01 December 2017 (online)

Abstract

Facial fractures and soft tissue injuries around the eyes, nose, and mouth can be difficult to manage in the primary setting, but if untreated, the secondary correction of facial trauma is very challenging. Prevention of soft tissue contraction by restoring the skeletal framework is ideal. Staged, individualized camouflage techniques can be effective in improving outcomes.

Key Points

• Secondary traumatic facial deformities are very difficult due to wound contraction, and skeletal remodeling and should be prevented with early, comprehensive fracture reduction, fixation, and soft tissue suspension.


• Three principles to maintain form and function are to (1) preserve soft tissue, (2) restore skeletal framework to prevent wound contraction, and (3) be familiar with soft tissue fine tuning techniques.


• The goal of camouflage of is to achieve facial volume and contour, which is perceived in the normal range by observers.


Funding

None.