Amer J Perinatol
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606582
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Provider and Patient Knowledge and Views of Office Practices on Weight Gain and Exercise during Pregnancy

Arlin Delgado1, Lauren M. Stark1, Charles J. Macri2, Michael L. Power1, Jay Schulkin1
  • 1Department of Research, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, District of Columbia
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia
Further Information

Publication History

07 April 2017

08 August 2017

Publication Date:
08 September 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objectives This study sought to assess provider and patient knowledge and beliefs on gestational weight gain (GWG) and exercise during pregnancy, outline current clinical practices and the perceived value of educational tools.

Study Design Providers and patients at the George Washington Medical Faculty Associates Obstetricians and Gynecologists clinic were recruited for a voluntary survey. Descriptive statistics of responses were compared and chi-square analysis tested for significant associations.

Results A total of 461 patient and 36 provider questionnaires were analyzed. Providers recommended GWG consistent with the Institute of Medicine guidelines for a “normal” body mass index (82.9%); however, a majority (52.8%) recommended GWG below guidelines for obese women. All providers reported counseling patients on GWG, but only 53.4% of patients reported discussing personal recommendations. About half of providers reported distributing educational materials for GWG (60.0%); however, only 30.6% of patients reported receiving them. African American patients self-reported receiving the highest rates of counseling and educational materials, though a lower rate of recommendations to exercise. Patients perceived educational tools to be more useful than did providers.

Conclusion Our findings suggest a gap between provider–patient perceptions regarding counseling and provision of informational materials. Future research should study whether implementing various educational tools might increase the efficacy of current practices.