CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 · JCS 2017; 07(01): e4-e9
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1603772
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes in Neonates Undergoing Lung Resection for Congenital Lesions

Hemonta Kumar Dutta1, Madhuchanda Bora2, Diganta Saikia2
  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
  • 2Department of Anaesthesiology, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
Further Information

Publication History

09 April 2017

29 April 2017

Publication Date:
21 June 2017 (online)

Abstract

Objective The purpose of this study is to review our experience with neonates and infants with congenital lung lesions emphasizing natural history, management, and outcomes.

Methods A total of 29 neonates and infants presented with congenital lung lesions between 2000 and 2015. Two patients died before surgery due to complications, and one patient refused surgery. Overall, 26 of them were subjected to surgical treatment and were included in the study. Demographic data, indications for surgery, operative procedure, complications, hospital stay, and follow-up were assessed.

Results A total of 26 children aged 5 to 122 days (mean: 35.5 days, 14 males) presented with various congenital lung malformations: congenital lobar emphysema in 10, congenital cystic adenomatous malformation in 8, bronchogenic cyst in 5, and pulmonary sequestration in 3 patients. Respiratory distress and respiratory tract infection were the most common presenting symptoms noted in 22 patients. In three patients the lesion was detected incidentally on chest X-ray. Lobectomy was the most common operation (19/26). Postoperative complications were noted in 12 patients. One patient died due to postoperative sepsis. Postoperative ventilation was required in 24 patients. Patients in the asymptomatic group recovered without any complications. The follow-up period ranged from 3 months to 15 years (median: 76.3 months). Only 12 patients received epidural anesthesia and had a better recovery than the other patients.

Conclusion Congenital lobar emphysema was the most common congenital lung lesion in our series. Respiratory distress and respiratory infection were the most common symptoms. Neonates and infants tolerated lung resection well. Use of epidural anesthesia led to less postoperative complications.