CC-BY 4.0 · European J Pediatr Surg Rep 2017; 05(01): e9-e11
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1599794
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart • New York

Pentalogy of Cantrell: Is Echocardiography Sufficient in the Neonatal Period?

Elke Zani-Ruttenstock1, Augusto Zani1, Osami Honjo2, Priscilla Chiu1
  • 1Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Further Information

Publication History

07 November 2016

24 January 2017

Publication Date:
22 March 2017 (online)


Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare syndrome that is characterized by varying degrees of midline wall defects and congenital cardiac anomalies. A left ventricular diverticulum (LVD) is defined as partial ectopia cordis, can be part of the pentalogy of Cantrell, and can put the patient at risk of severe complications. Early diagnosis and ligation/resection of the LVD is important to prevent complications. We report on a case of pentalogy of Cantrell, in which a LVD was diagnosed only at 2 months of age despite preceding pre- and postnatal echocardiography. We conclude that in the suspicion of pentalogy of Cantrell, either complete or incomplete, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging should be performed, when possible, to avoid the potential complication of a herniating ventricular diverticulum.