J Pediatr Epilepsy 2016; 05(04): 153-158
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1584916
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Pediatric Epilepsy: A “Histo”-Pathologic Perspective

Seema Shroff
1  Department of Pathology, Center for Diagnostic Pathology, Florida Hospital, Florida, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

18 January 2016

16 February 2016

Publication Date:
25 July 2016 (eFirst)

Abstract

Mankind has pondered over the nature of epilepsy for centuries and this review provides a historical perspective of the evolution of that thought process with particular regard to pathophysiology, neuropathology and etiology. In light of the diversity of the etiologies briefly discussed here, it follows naturally that treatment modalities and management varies in different situations, more so in the pediatric setting. This review presents an overview of decades of laboratory work that has culminated in a widely accepted, clinically relevant pathologic classification with prognostic and therapeutic implications, particularly for focal cortical dysplasias. It also showcases some of the recent discoveries using cutting edge molecular methods that will eventually lead to better diagnosis and management of this condition.