Am J Perinatol 2016; 33(06): 600-604
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1570341
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Migration of Central Venous Catheters in Neonates: A Radiographic Assessment

Ruby Gupta
1  Division of Neonatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Children's Corporate Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
,
Amy L. Drendel
2  Division of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
,
Raymond G. Hoffmann
3  Division of Quantitative Health Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
,
Carla V. Quijano
4  Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
,
Michael R. Uhing
1  Division of Neonatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Children's Corporate Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

11 August 2015

04 November 2015

Publication Date:
05 January 2016 (online)

Abstract

Objective This study aims to determine the frequency that umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) migrate into the cardiothymic silhouette after initial verification of correct placement.

Study Design This is a single-center, retrospective study in neonates in whom a PICC or UVC was placed. The frequency of catheter tip migration into the cardiothymic silhouette requiring catheter manipulation was determined radiographically at 1 and 24 hours, respectively, after insertion.

Results At 1 and 24 hours, 36 and 23% of UVCs (n = 41) migrated into the cardiothymic silhouette, respectively. At 1 and 24 hours, 23 and 11% of PICCs (n = 63) migrated into the cardiothymic silhouette, respectively. Migration was not associated with birth weight, weight at insertion, or postnatal age at insertion.

Conclusion UVCs and PICCs frequently migrate into the cardiothymic silhouette increase the risk for development of a pericardial effusion. Serial radiographic assessment of catheter tip location is needed to assess catheter migration within the first 24 hours of line placement.