Endoscopy 2012; 44(S 02): E414-E415
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1325739
Unusual cases and technical notes
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Endoscopic tissue shielding to prevent delayed perforation associated with endoscopic submucosal dissection for duodenal neoplasms

K. Takimoto
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Takeda General Hospital, Kyoto, Japan
T. Toyonaga
2   Department of Endoscopy, Kobe University Hospital, Hyogo, Japan
K. Matsuyama
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Takeda General Hospital, Kyoto, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
20 November 2012 (online)

In Japan, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is increasingly performed for gastrointestinal neoplasms. However, ESD has not been widely applied to duodenal neoplasms. Postoperative delayed perforation occurs frequently because of exposure of pancreatic juice to the duodenum [1]. Regarding the closure technique after ESD, the usefulness of clip closure has been reported [2], but we encountered many cases of difficult clip closure for large mucosal defects. We considered that polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets (Neoveil; Gunze Co., Kyoto, Japan) and fibrin glue (Beriplast P combi-set; CSL Behring Pharma, Tokyo, Japan) might be useful.

The tumor in this case – a IIa lesion, approximately 2 cm in diameter – was located in the inferior duodenal angulus. The lesion was resected by employing ESD ([Fig. 1 a]). The ulcer was covered with pieces of PGA sheet, fixed in place with fibrin glue ([Fig. 1 b, c]). No postoperative delayed perforation occurred, and the PGA sheets were still attached to the ulcer at 3 weeks after treatment ([Fig. 1 d]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic tissue-shielding method using polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets and fibrin glue. a Endoscopic view of an artificial duodenal ulcer immediately after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). b The pieces of PGA sheet were delivered to the ulcer sheet by sheet. c The ulcer was entirely covered with PGA sheets, fixed in place with fibrin glue. d Endoscopic view 3 weeks after ESD, with the PGA sheets still adhering to the base of the ulcer.

The only tools used in this method are biopsy forceps and two spray tubes. The sheet delivery method is also simple: a PGA sheet is cut to about 15 × 5 mm ([Fig. 2 a, b]) and delivered to the ulcer. The base of ulcer can be entirely covered by applying several sheets, followed by spraying fibrinogen through a spray tube to adhere the sheets to the ulcer, and then spraying thrombin through another spray tube.

Zoom Image
Fig. 2 a Polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet (100 × 50 mm). b The PGA sheet was cut to about 15 × 5 mm and held with biopsy forceps with the hole-cap off to be delivered to the base of the ulcer.

This method has the following three advantages. First, it is simple compared with clip closure of large mucosal defects. Secondly, the PGA sheet and fibrin glue are spontaneously absorbed within 4 – 15 weeks. Thirdly, since PGA sheets and fibrin glue have been applied in many fields of surgery [3] [4], the safety level may be high.


  • References

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  • 2 Otake Y, Saito Y, Sakamoto T et al. New closure technique for large mucosal defects after endoscopic submucosal dissection of colorectal tumors (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 2012; 75: 663-667
  • 3 Ueda K, Tanaka T, Hayashi M et al. Mesh-based pneumostasis contributes to preserving gas exchange capacity and promoting rehabilitation after lung resection. J Surg Res 2011; 167: e71-e75
  • 4 Uemura K, Murakami Y, Hayashidani Y et al. Combination of polyglicolic acid felt and fibrin glue for prevention of pancreatic fistula following pancreaticoduodenectomy. Hepatogastroenterology 2009; 56: 1538-1541