Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011; 59(7): 443-445
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1250389
Case Reports
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Bronchial Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma in Children

M. Wu1 , Q. Wang1 , X.-F. Xu1 , J.-J. Xiang2
  • 1Department of Thoracic Surgery, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
  • 2Department of Radiology, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Further Information

Publication History

received June 19, 2010 resubmitted August 8, 2010

accepted August 11, 2010

Publication Date:
25 March 2011 (online)


Three cases of children, aged 7, 12 and 13 years, respectively, with bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma are presented. All patients were primarily misdiagnosed as pneumonitis following common symptoms of prolonged fever, cough, expectoration, and indirect signs of bronchial obstruction by chest roentgenogram, before the tumours in the main bronchi were revealed by chest computed tomography and bronchoscopy. After undergoing lobectomy and systematic lymph node dissection, all three patients recovered uneventfully. Histologically, all the cases were low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma; one case additionally had mediastinal lymph node metastasis. The patients have remained in good health during a follow-up of between 1.5 and 6 years. Despite its extremely rare occurrence in childhood, the possibility of bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma should be kept in mind when encountering a child presenting with symptoms of recurrent pneumonia.


Dr. Jian-Jie Xiang

Department of Radiology
2nd Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University


P. R. China