The Eyes of an African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus): General Morphology and OphthalmopathologyAugen eines Brillenpinguins (Spheniscus demersus): allgemeine Morphologie und Ophthalmopathologie
The habitat of African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) is situated in Namibia and South Africa on the West Coast of Africa. They grow to a height of 60 – 70 cm and weigh between 2.5 – 3 kg. African penguins are supreme swimmers. Hunting for prey, they dive down up to 60 m and can reach a top speed of close to 20 km/h. The distance that African penguins have to travel to find food varies in accordance with the region (30 to 110 km per trip). S. demersus can get very old (10 to 27 years in the wild, and in captivity, a longer lifespan is known ).
Received: 05 October 2020
Accepted: 20 January 2021
14 April 2021 (online)
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