Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2020; 237(04): 392-395
DOI: 10.1055/a-1101-8918
Klinische Studie
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Intraocular Pressure Elevation in Keratoconus with Coexisting Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma: How Important is the Method of Measurement?

Intraokulare Druckerhöhung im Keratokonus mit koexistierendem Pseudoexfoliationsglaukom: Wie wichtig ist die Messmethode?
Olga Zabek
1  Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
Georgios D. Panos
2  Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
,
Despoina Sagri
3  Augenzentrum Ono Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
,
Konstantin Gugleta
1  Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
Hendrik P. N. Scholl
1  Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
Zisis Gatzioufas
1  Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 15 September 2019

accepted 21 December 2019

Publication Date:
04 March 2020 (online)

Abstract

Objective In this report, we investigated the association between the intraocular pressure (IOP) values by two different measurement methods and the corneal biomechanical properties in a patient with keratoconus and secondary glaucoma due to pseudoexfoliation syndrome who developed a marked elevation of intraocular pressure in the right eye.

Methods IOP was measured over a period of 3 days with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (Pascal tonometry, DCT). Corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) were estimated with the aid of an ocular response analyzer (ORA).

Results CH and CRF were significantly reduced in the right eye compared to the left eye throughout the period of observation (paired t-test, p < 0.001). The difference between both methods of IOP measurement in the right eye was statistically significant for IOP < 30 mmHg by GAT (Wilcoxon test, p = 0.004). For IOP values > 30 mmHg by GAT, there was no statistically significant difference between DCT and GAT (Wilcoxon test, p = 0.0625).

Conclusions This observation supports the clinical hypothesis that a significant decrease in CH translates to a decreased correlation of CH and IOP recordings by GAT and, furthermore, suggests that after a critical point of CH reduction, the impact of CH on GAT may be comparable to that on DCT.

Zusammenfassung

Zielsetzung In diesem Bericht untersuchten wir den Zusammenhang zwischen den Werten des Augeninnendrucks (IOD) durch 2 verschiedene Messmethoden und den biomechanischen Eigenschaften der Hornhaut bei einem Patienten mit Keratokonus und Sekundärglaukom aufgrund des Pseudoexfoliationssyndroms, der eine deutliche Erhöhung des Augeninnendrucks im rechten Auge entwickelte.

Methoden Der IOD wurde über einen Zeitraum von 3 Tagen mit der Goldmann-Applanationstonometrie (GAT) und der Pascal-Tonometrie (DCT) gemessen. Die Hornhauthysterese (CH) und der korneale Widerstandsfaktor (CRF) wurden mithilfe des Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) geschätzt.

Ergebnisse CH und CRF waren im rechten Auge im Vergleich zum linken Auge während der gesamten Beobachtungszeit signifikant reduziert (Paired t-Test, p < 0,001). Der Unterschied zwischen beiden Methoden der IOD-Messung am rechten Auge war für den IOD < 30 mmHg mittels GAT statistisch signifikant (Wilcoxon-Test, p = 0,004). Für IOD-Werte > 30 mmHg nach GAT gab es keinen statistisch signifikanten Unterschied zwischen DCT und GAT (Wilcoxon-Test, p = 0,0625).