CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurol Surg B 2019; 80(S 03): S288-S289
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676840
Skull Base: Operative Videos
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Microsurgical and Endoscope Assisted Resection of a Right Intracanalicular Vestibular Schwannoma Two-Dimensional Operative Video

Chun-Yu Cheng
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taiwan, Taiwan
2  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
,
Zeeshan Qazi
2  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
,
Laligam N. Sekhar
2  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Address for correspondence

Chun-Yu Cheng, MD
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center
325 9th Avenue, P.O. Box 359924 Seattle, WA 98104
United States   

Publication History

23 April 2018

11 November 2018

Publication Date:
24 January 2019 (eFirst)

 

    Abstract

    A 36-year-old lady presented with tinnitus and hearing loss for 1 year which was progressively worsening. A hearing test revealed pure tone average (PTA) between 48 to 65 dB and speech discrimination of 56% at 95 dB. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a right vestibular schwannoma 5 × 8 mm ([Fig. 1]) which extended far laterally to the fundus of internal auditory canal (IAC). A translabyrinthine approach was suggested by another neurosurgeon/neurotologist team, but the patient decided to undergo operation by retrosigmoid approach with attempted hearing preservation.

    She underwent a right retrosigmoid craniotomy, craniectomy, and mastoidectomy with far lateral approach. We performed petrous transcanalicular microsurgical approach with the assistance of neuroendoscope. Intraoperatively, the internal auditory artery was looping into the IAC between cranial nerves VII and VIII, and coming out inferiorly. The IAC was opened by the diamond drill, ultrasonic bone curette, and fine rongeurs. The tumor was grayish in color with filling the lateral aspect of the IAC. After circumferential dissection of the tumor capsule, the tumor was removed completely. It was arising from the inferior vestibular nerve which was stretched. The patient had vertigo and nausea postoperatively but it is steadily improving. Her hearing test has improved to a PTA of 22 dB and speech discrimination of 100% at 70 dB at 6 weeks. The postoperative MRI showed total resection.

    This two-dimensional video shows the technical nuances of microsurgical retrosigmoid approach and endoscopic assisted resection of an intracanalicular vestibular schwannoma and the value of attempting hearing preservation in all vestibular schwannomas ([Fig. 2]).

    The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/KHrO_iDI2tw.


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    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 Preoperative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium contrast axial (A) and coronal (B) view showing a right intracanalicular tumor which extended far laterally to the fundus. At 6 weeks of follow-up, postoperative axial (C) and coronal (D) brain MRI with gadolinium contrast demonstrating complete resection of the lesion and scaring of the internal auditory canal.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Intraoperative resection of the tumor (A) transcancalicular dissection of the tumor; Complete resection of the tumor is achieved from microscopic view (B) from the endoscopic view (C). CN, cranial nerve; IAA, internal auditory artery.

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    Quality:

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    Conflict of Interest

    None declared.

    Statement Regarding Patient Consent

    Informed consent was obtained from the patient prior to the surgery that included videotaping of the procedure and its distribution for educational purposes. All relevant patient identifiers have also been removed from the video and accompanying radiology slides.


    Disclosure of Funding

    None.



    Address for correspondence

    Chun-Yu Cheng, MD
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center
    325 9th Avenue, P.O. Box 359924 Seattle, WA 98104
    United States   


      
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 Preoperative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium contrast axial (A) and coronal (B) view showing a right intracanalicular tumor which extended far laterally to the fundus. At 6 weeks of follow-up, postoperative axial (C) and coronal (D) brain MRI with gadolinium contrast demonstrating complete resection of the lesion and scaring of the internal auditory canal.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Intraoperative resection of the tumor (A) transcancalicular dissection of the tumor; Complete resection of the tumor is achieved from microscopic view (B) from the endoscopic view (C). CN, cranial nerve; IAA, internal auditory artery.