CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurol Surg B 2019; 80(S 03): S294-S295
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1675167
Skull Base: Operative Videos
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Retrosigmoid Craniotomy for the Removal of Left Sided Tentorial and Posterior Fossa Meningioma Combined with Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm

Yu-Wen Cheng
1  Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
2  Department of Neurosurgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
5  Department of Neurosurgery, Harborview Medical Centre, Seattle, Washington, United States
,
Chun-Yu Cheng
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
4  Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung University Hospital, Chiayi; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taiwan
5  Department of Neurosurgery, Harborview Medical Centre, Seattle, Washington, United States
,
Zeeshan Qazi
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
5  Department of Neurosurgery, Harborview Medical Centre, Seattle, Washington, United States
,
Laligam N. Sekhar
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
5  Department of Neurosurgery, Harborview Medical Centre, Seattle, Washington, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Address for correspondence

Yu-Wen Cheng, MD
Neurosurgical Department
Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, No.386, Dazhong First Road, Zuoying District, Kaohsiung 81362
Taiwan   

Publication History

23 May 2018

19 August 2018

Publication Date:
18 October 2018 (eFirst)

 

    Abstract

    This 68-year-old woman presented with repeated episodes of bilateral hemifacial spasm with headache for 5 years and with recent progression of left sided symptoms. Preoperative imaging showed a left sided tentorial meningioma with brain stem and cerebellar compression. Left facial nerve was compressed by the vertebral artery (VA) and the right facial nerve by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA). This patient underwent left side retrosigmoid craniotomy and mastoidectomy. The cisterna magna was drained to relax the brain. The tumor was very firm, attached to the tentorium and had medial and lateral lobules. The superior cerebellar artery was adherent to the lateral lobule of the tumor and dissected away. The tumor was detached from its tentorial base; we first removed the lateral lobule. Following this, the medial lobule was also completely dissected and removed. The root exit zone of cranial nerve (CN) VII was dissected and exposed. The compression was caused both by a prominent VA and AICA. Initially, the several pieces of Teflon felt were placed for the decompression. Then vertebropexy was performed by using 8–0 nylon suture placed through the VA media to the clival dura. A further piece of Teflon felt was placed between cerebellopontine angle region and AICA. Her hemifacial spasm resolved postoperatively, and she discharged home 1 week later. Postoperative imaging showed complete tumor removal and decompression of left CN VII. This video shows the complex surgery of microsurgical resection of a large tentorial meningioma and microvascular decompression with a vertebropexy procedure.

    The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/N5aHN9CRJeM.


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    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 Preoperative Brain MRI with gadolinium contrast (A) axial and (B) coronal view showing a left sided bilobule tentorial meningioma with brain stem and cerebellar compression; (C) showed left facial nerve was compressed by the VA. At 3 days follow-up, postoperative (D) axial and (E) coronal brain MRI with gadolinium contrast demonstrating complete resection of the lesion and showed VA was separated from facial nerve by (F) Teflon felt. MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; VA, vertebral artery.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Intraoperative image revealed (A) tumor was firmly attached to the tentorium and had medial and lateral lobules; the superior cerebellar artery was adherent to the lateral lobule. The root exit zone of CN VII was dissected and exposed. The compression was caused both by a prominent VA and AICA from the microscopic view (B) and endoscopic view (C). AICA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery; CN, cranial nerve; SCA, superior cerebellar artery; VA, vertebral artery.

    www.thieme.com/skullbasevideos

    www.thieme.com/jnlsbvideos


    Quality:

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    Conflict of Interest

    None.

    Address for correspondence

    Yu-Wen Cheng, MD
    Neurosurgical Department
    Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, No.386, Dazhong First Road, Zuoying District, Kaohsiung 81362
    Taiwan   

      
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 Preoperative Brain MRI with gadolinium contrast (A) axial and (B) coronal view showing a left sided bilobule tentorial meningioma with brain stem and cerebellar compression; (C) showed left facial nerve was compressed by the VA. At 3 days follow-up, postoperative (D) axial and (E) coronal brain MRI with gadolinium contrast demonstrating complete resection of the lesion and showed VA was separated from facial nerve by (F) Teflon felt. MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; VA, vertebral artery.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Intraoperative image revealed (A) tumor was firmly attached to the tentorium and had medial and lateral lobules; the superior cerebellar artery was adherent to the lateral lobule. The root exit zone of CN VII was dissected and exposed. The compression was caused both by a prominent VA and AICA from the microscopic view (B) and endoscopic view (C). AICA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery; CN, cranial nerve; SCA, superior cerebellar artery; VA, vertebral artery.