CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurol Surg B 2018; 79(S 05): S415-S417
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1669981
Skull Base: Operative Videos
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Extreme Lateral Supracerebellar Infratentorial Approach to the Lateral Midbrain

M. Yashar S. Kalani
1  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
,
William T. Couldwell
2  Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Address for correspondence

M. Yashar S. Kalani, MD, PhD
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, School of Medicine
PO Box 800212, Charlottesville, VA 22908
United States   

Publication History

01 June 2018

11 August 2018

Publication Date:
25 September 2018 (eFirst)

 

    Abstract

    This video illustrates the case of a 52-year-old man with a history of multiple bleeds from a lateral midbrain cerebral cavernous malformation, who presented with sudden-onset headache, gait instability, and left-sided motor and sensory disturbances. This lesion was eccentric to the right side and was located in the dorsolateral brainstem. Therefore, the lesion was approached via a right-sided extreme lateral supracerebellar infratentorial (exSCIT) craniotomy with monitoring of the cranial nerves. This video demonstrates the utility of the exSCIT for resection of dorsolateral brainstem lesions and how this approach gives the surgeon ready access to the supracerebellar space, and cerebellopontine angle cistern. The lateral mesencephalic safe entry zone can be accessed from this approach; it is identified by the intersection of branches of the superior cerebellar artery and the fourth cranial nerve with the vein of the lateral mesencephalic sulcus. The technique of piecemeal resection of the lesion from the brainstem is presented. Careful patient selection and respect for normal anatomy are of paramount importance in obtaining excellent outcomes in operations within or adjacent to the brainstem.

    The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/aIw-O2Ryleg.


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    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 (a) Sagittal T1- and (b) axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrating a dorsolateral midbrain cavernous malformation with evidence of recent hemorrhage. Postoperative (c) sagittal T1- and (d) axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates complete removal of the lesion.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Intraoperative photographs demonstrating (a) the lateral mesencephalic safe entry zone located at the intersection of the branches of the superior cerebellar artery and fourth nerve with the vein of the lateral mesencephalic sulcus, (b) mobilization of the cavernous malformation, and (c) its removal from the brainstem.

    www.thieme.com/skullbasevideos

    www.thieme.com/jnlsbvideos


    Quality:

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    Conflict of Interest

    None.

    Disclosure Statement

    The authors have no personal financial or institutional interest in any of the materials or devices described in this article.



    Address for correspondence

    M. Yashar S. Kalani, MD, PhD
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, School of Medicine
    PO Box 800212, Charlottesville, VA 22908
    United States   


      
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 (a) Sagittal T1- and (b) axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrating a dorsolateral midbrain cavernous malformation with evidence of recent hemorrhage. Postoperative (c) sagittal T1- and (d) axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates complete removal of the lesion.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Intraoperative photographs demonstrating (a) the lateral mesencephalic safe entry zone located at the intersection of the branches of the superior cerebellar artery and fourth nerve with the vein of the lateral mesencephalic sulcus, (b) mobilization of the cavernous malformation, and (c) its removal from the brainstem.