CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurol Surg B 2018; 79(S 02): S196-S198
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1623529
Skull Base: Operative Videos
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Extended Endoscopic Endonasal Approach for Suprasellar Craniopharyngioma

D. Locatelli
1  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Insubria – Ospedale di Circolo Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
,
F. Pozzi
2  Department of Neurosurgery, ASST Sette Laghi, Ospedale di Circolo Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
,
G. Agresta
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pavia, Italy
,
S. Padovan
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pavia, Italy
,
A. Karligkiotis
4  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, ASST Sette Laghi, Ospedale di Circolo Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
,
P. Castelnuovo
5  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Insubria – Ospedale di Circolo Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Address for correspondence

Fabio Pozzi, MD, PhD
Department of Neurosurgery, Ospedale di Circolo Fondazione Macchi
Via Guicciardini 9, 21100 Varese
Italy   

Publication History

17 October 2017

07 December 2017

Publication Date:
18 January 2018 (eFirst)

 

    Abstract

    Objectives We illustrate a suprasellar craniopharyngiomas treated with an extended endoscopic endonasal approach (EEEA).

    Design Case report of a 43-year-old male affected by cerebral lesion located in suprasellar region involving the third ventricle and compressing the neurovascular structures, causing an anterosuperior dislocation of the chiasma. There is a complete disruption of the pituitary stalk that can explain the clinical finding of partial anterior hypopituitarism and hyperprolactinemia. The lesion is characterized by a solid and cystic component. Considering the absence of lateral extension and the suprasellar location of the lesion, an EEEA is preferred.

    Setting University Hospital “Ospedale di Circolo,” Department of Neurosurgery, Varese, Italy.

    Participants Neurosurgical and ENT Skull Base Team.

    Main Outcome Measures A bilateral parasagittal approach is performed using a four-hand technique. The first step of the surgery is the preparation of the Hadad's flap. The approach is extended to the planum sphenoidalis to expose the suprasellar region. The lesion is completely removed employing also an ultrasound aspirator. Skull base reconstruction is performed with three-layer technique: graft of fat tissue, fascia lata, and nasoseptal flap.

    Results No postoperative complications occurred. In the post-op, the patient presents a panhypopituitarism and an improvement in neurological status. The visual deficit remains stable. Post-op magnetic resonance imaging at 1 year documents the complete absence of pathological contrast enhancement.

    Conclusions EEEA is a feasible approach in treating craniopharyngioma with suprasellar extension. The advantages include optimal visualization, good resection rate, and absence of brain retraction.

    The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/IYm-8P1jbBo.


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    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 Pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance images in sagittal and coronal views.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative images of surgical field.

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    Quality:

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    Conflict of Interest

    None.

    Address for correspondence

    Fabio Pozzi, MD, PhD
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ospedale di Circolo Fondazione Macchi
    Via Guicciardini 9, 21100 Varese
    Italy   

      
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 1 Pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance images in sagittal and coronal views.
    Zoom Image
    Fig. 2 Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative images of surgical field.