Endoscopy 2013; 45(S 02): E343-E344
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1344771
Cases and Techniques Library (CTL)
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Successful over-the-scope clip (OTSC) treatment for severe bleeding due to anastomotic dehiscence

G. E. Tontini
1  Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
2  Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Italy
,
A. Naegel
1  Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
,
H. Albrecht
1  Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
,
M. Vieth
3  Institute of Pathology, Klinikum Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
,
M. Vecchi
2  Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Italy
4  Department of Medical Science for Health, University of Milan, Italy
,
M. F. Neurath
1  Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
,
H. Neumann
1  Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

G. E. Tontini
Department of Medicine I
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Ulmenweg 18
91054 Erlangen
Germany   
Fax: +49-9131-8535209   

Publication History

Publication Date:
25 October 2013 (online)

 

Postanastomotic complications of the gastrointestinal tract, including leakage and bleeding, are rare but critical conditions requiring prompt treatment. Most anastomotic problems are managed surgically [1], but endoscopic therapy is considered as the first choice of treatment for bleeding and treatment of an incomplete anastomotic dehiscence with no peritoneal involvement [1] [2].

Here we report the case of a 71-year-old woman presenting with an acute fall in hemoglobin level (11.7 to 9.1 g/dL), hypotension (90/50 mmHg), and melena. Physical examination revealed skin pallor and tachycardia (130 beats per min). The patient had undergone laparotomic debridement with a Billroth I gastroenteral anastomosis 3 weeks before for an advanced ovarian tumor with massive peritoneal carcinomatosis. Emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed oozing bleeding from an anastomotic dehiscence at the posterior wall ([Fig. 1]). The dehiscence extended over half the circumference of the anastomosis, with a diameter of about 25 mm ([Fig. 2]). Based on the size and position of the leak, we decided to use an over-the-scope clip (OTSC) for sealing the dehiscence. The procedure commenced with injection of epinephrine 1 : 10 000 to reduce the active bleeding ([Fig. 3]). Then scope was withdrawn and the “atraumatic” version of OTSC (with blunt teeth) was mounted on the tip as previously described [2] [3]. Next, the Twin Grasper (Ovesco, Tübingen, Germany) was advanced through the working channel of the endoscope to access the leak margins. Maneuvering the tip of the scope with gentle axial rotation allowed placement of the OTSC correctly over the dehiscence. The Twin Grasper was pulled into the distal cap of the OTSC system under continuous suction. The OTSC was deployed after the clear distal cap was filled to more than half its volume with tissue. OTSC placement took about 2 minutes and the subsequent endoscopic examination revealed complete closure of the leak and stable hemostasis ([Fig. 4]). The patient’s clinical condition stabilized and she was discharged 5 days later.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Active oozing of blood (arrow) from a gastroenteral anastomotic dehiscence in a 71-year-old woman who had undergone laparotomic debridement with a Billroth I gastroenteral anastomosis 3 weeks previously.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Anastomotic dehiscence (diameter about 25 mm) affecting the posterior wall.
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Fig. 3 Epinephrine (1 : 10 000) injection for local vasoconstriction, volume tamponade, and facilitation of a clear view.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Hemostasis and leak closure using the over-the-scope clip (OTSC) with blunt teeth.

This case is interesting for several reasons. First, we have demonstrated how OTSC use can aid emergent endoscopic therapy when other hemostatic and leak sealing techniques are deemed unsuitable due to technical problems such as right target position in a 5 o’clock oriented working channel, large leak (10 – 25 mm), and massive bleeding [1] [2] [3] [4]. Second, we have provided a detailed description of the procedure, which may assist further use of the technique. Third, we have shown successful use of the OTSC for treatment of a larger anastomotic leak [1] [2]. Finally, our report adds to the growing literature on potential applications of the OTSC [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. Altogether, the recently introduced OTSC system provides a practical solution to difficult endoscopic treatment where standard clipping techniques may not be appropriate. The OTSC should be considered as the first choice for sealing of intermediate leaks.

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Competing interests: None

Acknowledgment

G. E. Tontini has received a grant from the Italian Group for the study of inflammatory bowel disease (IG-IBD), supporting his research work at the Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.


Corresponding author

G. E. Tontini
Department of Medicine I
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Ulmenweg 18
91054 Erlangen
Germany   
Fax: +49-9131-8535209   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Active oozing of blood (arrow) from a gastroenteral anastomotic dehiscence in a 71-year-old woman who had undergone laparotomic debridement with a Billroth I gastroenteral anastomosis 3 weeks previously.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Anastomotic dehiscence (diameter about 25 mm) affecting the posterior wall.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Epinephrine (1 : 10 000) injection for local vasoconstriction, volume tamponade, and facilitation of a clear view.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Hemostasis and leak closure using the over-the-scope clip (OTSC) with blunt teeth.