Endoscopy 2011; 43: E88-E89
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1255983
Unusual cases and technical notes

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Gallbladder polyp treated with endoscopic polypectomy through a cholecystogastrostomy

Y.-Y.  Chen1 , P.-Y.  Su2 , W.-C.  Shen1
  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, China Medical University Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology, Changhua Christian Medical Center, Changhua, Taiwan
Further Information

Y.-Y. Chen, MD 

China Medical University Hospital

135 Nanhsiao Street
Changhua
Taiwan

Fax: +886-4-722-8289

Email: [email protected]

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 March 2011 (online)

Table of Contents

A 59-year-old man with a history of renal stones presented with the symptoms heartburn over several months. He stated that he had received an abdominal operation for cholecystitis 30 years ago. A diverticulum approximately 7 cm in diameter with a narrow orifice ([Fig. 1]) was found at the greater curvature of the antrum during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, with a polypoid mass lesion (3 × 3 cm) ([Fig. 2]) in the diverticulum.

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Fig. 1 Diverticulum with a narrow orifice (arrow).

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Fig. 2 Polypoid mass lesion in the diverticulum.

Abdominal computed tomography showed the gastric diverticulum (arrow) and a large stone (star) impacted in the distal common bile duct (CBD) without intrahepatic bile duct dilatation ([Fig. 3]).

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Fig. 3 Abdominal computed tomography showing the gastric diverticulum (arrow) and a large stone (star) impacted in the distal common bile duct (CBD) without intrahepatic bile duct dilatation.

The stone in the CBD was removed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The patient received two partial polypectomies of the divertivular polyp; the histology revealed a hyperplastic polyp. At the second endoscopy, we saw a small hole in the diverticulum. We injected contrast medium into the hole under fluoroscopy. The contrast medium went backwards from the cystic duct (arrow) to the CBD and showed the tip of the endoscope in the gallbladder ([Fig. 4]).

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Fig. 4 Contrast medium injected into the diverticulum under fluoroscopy went from the cystic duct (arrow) to the common bile duct (CBD).

Cholecystogastrostomy was performed and explained the impaction of the huge CBD stone without biliary dilatation. Endoscopy through the cholecystogastrostomic orifice showed no residual polyp 6 months later.

Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder can be divided into benign and malignant lesions. Benign polypoid lesions are divided into tumors or pseudotumors. Pseudotumors include polyps, hyperplasia, or other inflammatory lesions. The incidence of benign tumors of resected gallbladders ranges from 0.15 % to 8.5 % [1]. Our patient had a hyperplastic polyp. Laparoscopic cholecystrectomy is advised for polyps larger than 10 mm or when there is rapid growth. To our knowledge, this is first report of a gallbladder polyp treated with endoscopic polypectomy through cholecystogastrostomy.

Cholecystoenterostomy is a rare complication in gallstone disease, found in 3 % – 5 % of patient with cholelithiasis. It often involves the duodenum (71 %), the stomach (14 %), and the colon (6 %). The cholecystogastrostomy in our case was iatrogenic.

Gastric diverticula are usually asymptomatic, with a prevalence of 0.01 % in autopsy and 0.3 % in radiologic study. Diverticula can be divided into two groups: true (congenital) and pseudo (acquired) [2]. True diverticula are usually located on the posterior wall of the stomach below the gastroesophageal junction, and false diverticula are frequently located in the gastric antrum [3]. Because the patient presented without epigastric distress, he is receiving regular follow-up at the outpatients’ department.

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Competing interests: None

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References

Y.-Y. Chen, MD 

China Medical University Hospital

135 Nanhsiao Street
Changhua
Taiwan

Fax: +886-4-722-8289

Email: [email protected]

#

References

Y.-Y. Chen, MD 

China Medical University Hospital

135 Nanhsiao Street
Changhua
Taiwan

Fax: +886-4-722-8289

Email: [email protected]

Zoom Image

Fig. 1 Diverticulum with a narrow orifice (arrow).

Zoom Image

Fig. 2 Polypoid mass lesion in the diverticulum.

Zoom Image

Fig. 3 Abdominal computed tomography showing the gastric diverticulum (arrow) and a large stone (star) impacted in the distal common bile duct (CBD) without intrahepatic bile duct dilatation.

Zoom Image

Fig. 4 Contrast medium injected into the diverticulum under fluoroscopy went from the cystic duct (arrow) to the common bile duct (CBD).