CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017; 08(S 01): S007-S012
DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_441_16
Original Article
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

Knowledge and Attitude of Nursing Students toward Electroconvulsive Therapy

Nitasha Sharma
National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
,
Sandhya Ghai
National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
,
Sandeep Grover
1  Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 September 2019 (online)

ABSTRACT

Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the commonly used treatment modalities for patients with severe mental disorders. However, acceptance of ECT by the patient and relatives often depends on how the health-care professionals themselves present the treatment modality to the patients and their relatives. There is a lack of information about the knowledge and attitude toward ECT among health professionals. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about and attitude toward ECT among nursing students. Methodology: Knowledge of and attitudes toward ECT among nursing students were assessed using ECT knowledge and attitude questionnaires. Results: The study included 183 nursing students. Majority (n = 62; 60.8%) of the participants obtained information about ECT from media (movies, television, print media, etc.). None of the students had full knowledge about ECT. Although a significant proportion of students had knowledge about the ECT procedure and consent procedure, majority of them had poor knowledge about the effectiveness, mechanism of action, indications, and side effects of ECT. Negative attitudes were also highly prevalent, with more than two-thirds of the participants having negative attitudes toward ECT on more than half of the attitude items of the scale. Total knowledge score positively correlated with total attitude score, suggesting that higher knowledge was associated with more positive attitude. Conclusions: Although nursing students have knowledge about basic ECT procedure and consent, they lack knowledge about the effectiveness, mechanism of action, indications, and side effects of ECT. Negative attitude toward ECT is also highly prevalent among nursing students. Accordingly, there is a need to improve the knowledge and address the negative attitude of nursing students, which may ultimately lead to better acceptance of the treatment.