CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017; 08(S 01): S020-S022
DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_3_17
Original Article
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

Cognitive Impairment in Rural Elderly Population in Ecuador

Xavier Wong-Achi
Ingapirca's Healthcare Center, Ingapirca, Cañar, Ecuador
,
Gabriela Egas
1  Healthcare Center of Chanduy, Chanduy, Sta Elena, Ecuador
,
Dayana Cabrera
2  Libertad del Toachi Healthcare Center, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Ecuador
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 September 2019 (online)

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Mini-Cog is a simple and short test that identifies cognitive impairment. Its detection helps provide an early dementia diagnosis, rapid access to treatments, and even delay or reversion. Materials and Methods: This multicenter, observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study included 214 patients. Patients enrolled in this study were community dwellers aged ≥55-year-old, without prior diagnosis of cognitive impairment or dementia, with adequate hearing and vision functions. It was conducted in primary care health centers localized in rural communities of Ecuador. Results: Ages ranged from 50 to 98 years and there was predominance of female gender: 66% versus 33%. The percentage of illiteracy was 26.4% (CI: 25.32–27.48), and 63% (CI: 62.1–63.94) of patients had complete primary educational level. The overall prevalence of cognitive impairment was 50.9% (95% CI: 48.5–53.3) and 47.2% (95% CI: 45.2–49.2) in patients with risk factors. We found several established risk factors associated with cognitive impairment onset, including social factors, physiological factors, and comorbidities. Conclusion: This is the first epidemiological research of CI in rural populations in this country using the Mini-Cog as a screening tool. Adopting public health measures for the prevention and control of those modifiable risk factors could reduce the prevalence of cognitive impairment and even its progression to dementia.