CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017; 08(S 01): S141-S143
DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_194_17
Letters to the Editor
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

Prevention of Neurotrauma: An Evolving Matter

Samer Hoz
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
,
Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar
1   Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cartagena, Colombia
› Institutsangaben
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Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
03. September 2019 (online)

Neurotrauma is a multifaceted disease. In recent decades, the number of injuries caused by violence and accidents has increased. Cranioencephalic trauma is a major cause of death in developed countries. It is estimated that alone in the United States of America, about 100,000 people die annually, and among the survivors, there are a significant number of people with disabilities with significant costs to the health system.[[1] [2] [3]]

Cranioencephalic trauma is considered to be the injury of traumatic origin that occurs on the cranial vault and its contents. Traumatic brain injury is a major problem worldwide. It accounts for at least half of trauma-related deaths and impacts on the high costs for health systems, support for treatment, and rehabilitation of patients. In the United States, the costs are estimated at 60 billion dollars annually, whether direct or indirect for loss of labor productivity. Modern trauma response teams, new diagnostic aids, neurosurgical centers, and intensive care treatment have contributed to lower mortality rates for patients with traumatic brain injury, where available series in the literature report mortality of 20%–30% of patients. Despite these effective advantages, there are many aspects that should be improved with regard to the management of traumatic brain injury.[[4] [5]]

In prevention of neurotrauma injuries, at this point, we need to define the categories of injury prevention, primary prevention is that which eliminates the event, secondary prevention decreases the effect, and tertiary prevention improves outcomes.