CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Radiol Imaging 2018; 28(02): 250-257
DOI: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_394_17
Miscellaneous

Radiation dose metrics in multidetector computed tomography examinations: A multicentre retrospective study from seven tertiary care hospitals in Kerala, South India

Binoj Varghese
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India
,
Indu Kandanga
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Thrissur and University Hospital of North Durham, Durham, United Kingdom
,
Paul Puthussery
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Govt Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
,
Dhanesh Vijayan
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Travancore Medical College Hospital, Kollam, Kerala, India
,
S P Harish Babu
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Baby Memorial Hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
,
M K Aneesh
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India
,
Muhammad Noufal
Star Care Hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
,
E V Binu
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Daya Hospital, Thrissur, Kerala, India
,
Arun C Babu
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India
,
Sheen M James
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India
,
Siva Kumar
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India
› Author Affiliations

Subject Editor: Financial support and sponsorship Nil.

Abstract

Background: Presently, computed tomography (CT) is the most important source of medical radiation exposure. CT radiation doses vary considerably across institutions depending on the protocol and make of equipment. India does not yet have national or region-specific CT diagnostic reference levels. Aim: To evaluate radiation doses of consecutive multidetector CT (MDCT) examinations based on anatomic region, performed in 1 month, collected simultaneously from seven tertiary care hospitals in Kerala. Settings and Design: Descriptive study. Materials and Methods: We collected the CT radiation dose data of examinations from the seven collaborating tertiary care hospitals in Kerala, performed with MDCT scanners of five different makes. The data included anatomic region, number of phases, CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose-length product (DLP), and effective dose (ED) of each examinations and patient demographic data. Statistical Analysis: We calculated the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles of the CTDIvol, DLP, and ED according to anatomic region. We made descriptive comparisons of these results with corresponding data from other countries. Results: Of 3553 patients, head was the most frequently performed examination (60%), followed by abdomen (19%). For single-phase head examinations, 75th percentile of CTDIvolwas 68.1 mGy, DLP 1120 mGy-cm, and ED 2.1 mSv. The 75th percentiles of CTDIvol, DLP, and ED for single-phase abdomen examinations were 10.6, 509.3, and 7.7, and multiphase examinations were 14.6, 2666.9, and 40.8; single-phase chest examinations were 23.4, 916.7, and 13.38, and multiphase examinations were 19.9, 1737.6, and 25.36; single-phase neck were 24.9, 733.6, and 3.814, and multiphase neck were 24.9, 2076, and 10.79, respectively. Conclusion: This summary CT radiation dose data of most frequently performed anatomical regions could provide a starting point for institutional analysis of CT radiation doses, which in turn leads to meaningful optimization of CT.



Publication History

Publication Date:
26 July 2021 (online)

© 2018. Indian Radiological Association. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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