CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Radiol Imaging 2020; 30(01): 64-69
DOI: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_333_19

A study to assess the knowledge and practice of medical professionals on radiation protection in interventional radiology

Mohsen Shafiee
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasouj
Razieh Rashidfar
Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
Department of Radiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
Jamil Abdolmohammadi
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Paramedical, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Sajad Borzoueisileh
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasouj
Zaker Salehi
Department of Radiation Sciences, School of Paramedical Sciences, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasouj
Kheibar Dashtian
Department of Chemistry, Yasouj University, Yasouj
› Author Affiliations
Financial support and sponsorship The study was supported by Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.


Objective: Ionizing radiation has been extensively used in medical procedures throughout the world. Such interventional radiological procedures could result in occupational exposure that needs urgent control. Therefore, MPs (medical professionals) should receive education and appropriate training on occupational radiation protection. In this context, the present study is aimed to investigate the MPs’ knowledge and practice regarding radiation protection principles during interventional radiological procedures. Material and Methods: A descriptive questionnaire-based study was carried out among 215 MPs involved in interventional fluoroscopy procedures. The practice of 31 MPs was studied using a checklist based on ALARA principles and ICRP guidelines. Results: A total of 43.3% and 45.1% answered correctly for knowledge and practice. However, the difference between radiation protection knowledge and practice between the physicians and nurses was statistically significant. The knowledge and practice survey of MPs demonstrated that nurses rarely adhered to radiation-protection measures. Conclusion: The present study reflects the lack of knowledge and practice concerning radiation protection concepts among the nurses. This deficiency needs to be resolved by periodic practical radiation protection courses in the curriculum of medicine.

Publication History

Received: 06 August 2019

Accepted: 28 January 2020

Publication Date:
19 July 2021 (online)

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