Diabetes in Tribes of India: A literature review
23 November 2018 (online)
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly regarded as a lifestyle disease, used to be a disease of affluent societies in the days of yore. However, now it has encroached into the rural and tribal communities as well. This narrative review provides us with an understanding of the epidemiology of diabetes burden in tribes of India. Around 15% of the country′s area is covered by tribals and it constitutes ~8.6% (i. e., ~104 million) of India′s total population. Prevalence of diabetes in tribal areas ranges from around 1% to 10%. Hence, intensive efforts directed towards filling the gaps in awareness levels and the operational research or other data gaps would help prevent and control the problem of diabetes and fill these gaps in tribal areas.
- 1 Census India. 2011 Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Available from: http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_And_You/scheduled_castes_and_sceduled_tribes.aspx [Last accessed on 2015 Jun 18].
- 2 Ramaiya KL, Kodali VR, Alberti KG. Epidemiology of diabetes in Asians of the Indian subcontinent. Diabetes Metab Rev 1990; 6: 125-146
- 3 Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India May, 2014. Report of the high level committee on Socio-economic, Health and Educational status of Tribal Communities of India. Available form: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Tribal%20Committee%20Report,%20May-June%202014.pdf [Last accessed on 2015 Jun 18].
- 4 Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India. Annual Report 2013-2014. Available form: http://tribal.nic.in/WriteReadData/CMS/Documents/201407280104442396450AnnualReport2013-14.pdf 39-40 [Last accessed on 2015 Jun 18].
- 5 Chaturvedula R, Vishnu, Rampure D. MBV, CUB, CRPSK. Anthropological status and prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in tribals and non-tribals of khammam district of Andhra Pradesh - Interim report. Int J Res Health Sci [Internet] 2014; 2: 335-339
- 6 Kapoor D, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Sunil KumarRaina SK. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Its Risk Factors among Permanently Settled Tribal Individuals in Tribal and Urban Areas in Northern State of Sub-Himalayan Region of India. Int J Chronic Dis. 2014: 2014
- 7 Bandana S. Community based study on incidence of type 2 diabetes and hypertension among nomad tribal population of Rajasthan, India. Intl Jour Sci Nat 2011; 2: 296-301
- 8 Misra PJ, Mini GK, Thankappan KR. Risk factor profile for non-communicable diseases among Mishing tribes in Assam, India: Results from a WHO STEPs survey. Indian J Med Res 2014; 140: 370-378
- 9 Upadhyay RP, Misra P, Chellaiyan VG, Das TK, Adhikary M, Chinnakali P. et al. Burden of diabetes mellitus and prediabetes in tribal population of India: A systematic review. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2013; 102: 1-7
- 10 Government to Take Fight against Diabetes to DHHs. The New Indian Express; 31st March 2015. Available from: http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Government-to-Take-Fight-against-Diabetes-to-DHHs/2015/03/31/article2739253.ece [Last accessed on 2015 Jun 18].
- 11 Tribal Leaders Diabetes Committee [document on the Internet]. Washington DC: National Indian Health Board; 2004. [cited 2015 Jun 7]. Available from: http://www.nihb.org/tribal_resources/tldc.php [Last updated on 2015 Jun 10].
- 12 National programme for prevention and control of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke (NPCDCS). Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Last Updated June 17, 2015. Available from: http://mohfw.nic.in/index1.php [Last accessed on 2015 on Jun 18].
- 13 All India Institute of Diabetes and Research. Together on Diabetes. Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation. Copyright ©2012 Bristol-Myers Squibb. Available from: http://www.bms.com/togetherondiabetes/china-india/partners/Pages/all-india-institute-of-diabetes-and-research.aspx [Last accessed on 2015 May 05].
- 14 Centre for Chronic Disease Control. Completed Projects. Copyright © 2015 CCDC. Available from: http://www.ccdcindia.org/completed-projects.php [Last accessed on 2015 May 27].