CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2014; 08(02): 287-290
DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.130640
Review Article
Dental Investigation Society

Gingival pigmentation index proposal of a new index with a brief review of current indices

Syed Wali Peeran
1   Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya
Karthikeyan Ramalingam
2   Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya
Syed Ali Peeran
3   Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthetics, Faculty of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Omar Basheer Altaher
4   Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya
Fatma Mojtaba Alsaid
5   Faculty of Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya
Marei Hamed Mugrabi
6   Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
25 September 2019 (online)


Cosmetic expectations have increased with time and current trends speak volumes about gingival esthetics and smile designing. Gingival pigmentation especially on the labial aspect of anterior teeth has become an important component of general esthetics. Various physiologic and pathologic factors cause gingival pigmentation. The existing indices do not deal with the etiology, extent and severity of gingival pigmentation. Hence, we propose a new classification and index for gingival pigmentation to assess the treatment needs for the patient.


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