CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2014; 08(02): 234-240
DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.130616
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Evaluation of formocresol, calcium hydroxide, ferric sulfate, and MTA primary molar pulpotomies

Esma Yildiz
1   Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkiye
Gul Tosun
2   Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkiye
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
25 September 2019 (online)


Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate four different pulpotomy medicaments in primary molars. Materials and Methods: A total of 147 primary molars with deep caries were treated with four different pulpotomy medicaments (FC: formocresol, FS: ferric sulfate, CH: calcium hydroxide, and MTA: mineral trioxide aggregate) in this study. The criteria for tooth selection for inclusion were no clinical and radiographic evidence of pulp pathology. During 30 months of follow-up at 6-month intervals, clinical and radiographic success and failures were recorded. The differences between the groups were statistically analyzed using the Chi-square test and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: At 30 months, clinical success rates were 100%, 95.2%, 96.4%, and 85% in the FC, FS, MTA, and CH groups, respectively. In radiographic analysis, the MTA group had the highest (96.4%), and the CH group had the lowest success rate (85%). There were no clinical and radiographic differences between materials (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Although there were no differences between materials, only in the CH group did three teeth require extraction due to further clinical symptoms of radiographic failures during the 30-month follow-up period. None of the failed teeth in the other groups required extraction during the 30-month follow-up period.


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