CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2014; 08(02): 154-159
DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.130584
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Evaluation of the root and canal morphology of mandibular permanent molars in a south-eastern Turkish population using cone-beam computed tomography

Bilge Gulsum Nur
1   Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Izmir, Turkiye
,
Evren Ok
2   Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Izmir, Turkiye
,
Mustafa Altunsoy
1   Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Izmir, Turkiye
,
Osman Sami Aglarci
3   Department of Oral and Maxilla Facial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Sifa University, Izmir, Turkiye
,
Mehmet Colak
4   Department of Oral and Maxilla Facial Radiology, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkiye
,
Enes Gungor
4   Department of Oral and Maxilla Facial Radiology, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkiye
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
24 September 2019 (online)

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the root and canal morphology of the mandibular first and second permanent molars in a Turkish population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: CBCT images of mandibular first (n = 966) and second molar (n = 1165) teeth from 850 Turkish patients were evaluated. The root canal configurations were classified according to the method of Vertucci. The data were analyzed by Pearson's Chi-square test. Results: The majority of mandibular molars were two rooted with three canals; however, three roots were identified in 0.05% of the first molars and 0.01% of the second molars, and 100% of the additional root canals were of type I configuration. Mesial roots had more complex canal systems with more than one canal, whereas most distal roots had a type I configuration. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that CBCT scanning provides supplemental information about the root canal configurations of mandibular molars in a Turkish population. This study may help clinicians in the root canal treatment of mandibular molars.