CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurosci Rural Pract 2012; 03(02): 159-162
DOI: 10.4103/0976-3147.98314
Review Article
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

Higher sensory processing sensitivity, introversion and ectomorphism: New biomarkers for human creativity in developing rural areas

Carlos V Rizzo-Sierra
1  Neuronikas Research Group, Advanced Biomedical Research Center, Bogota, Colombia
2  S-VYASA Yoga University, Division of Yoga and Physical Sciences, ICMR Center for Advanced Research in Yoga & Neurophysiology, Bangalore, India
Martha E Leon-S
3  Cibersalud, Tomodachi Foundation, Bogota, Colombia
Fidias E Leon-Sarmiento
4  Unit of Parkinson and Movement Disorders, Medi.ciencias - IPS Ramon & Cajal/Universidad Nacional, Bogota, Colombia
5  Neuronikas Research Group, Advanced Biomedical Research Center, Smell and Taste Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
6  Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
13 November 2019 (online)


The highly sensitive trait present in animals, has also been proposed as a human neurobiological trait. People having such trait can process larger amounts of sensory information than usual, making it an excellent attribute that allows to pick up subtle environmental details and cues. Furthermore, this trait correlates to some sort of giftedness such as higher perception, inventiveness, imagination and creativity. We present evidences that support the existance of key neural connectivity between the mentioned trait, higher sensory processing sensitivity, introversion, ectomorphism and creativity. The neurobiological and behavioral implications that these biomarkers have in people living in developing rural areas are discussed as well.