CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol 2015; 36(04): 243-248
DOI: 10.4103/0971-5851.171545

N-acetylcysteine renoprotection in methotrexate induced nephrotoxicity and its effects on B-cell lymphoma

Ruchi Singh
Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas 97106, USA
Rikin Shah
Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas 97106, USA
Curtis Turner
Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas 97106, USA
Osvaldo Regueira
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Tetyana L. Vasylyeva
Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas 97106, USA
› Author Affiliations
Financial support and sponsorship Nil.


Background: Nephrotoxicity is one of the known side effects of methotrexate (MTX) therapy despite the use of conventional protective measures. Our objectives were to evaluate the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on MTX-induced toxicity in renal tubular cells and to evaluate whether adjunctive use of NAC interferes with MTX antitumor activity in the B-cell lymphoma. Methods: Kidney Epithelial (Madin-Darby canine kidney [MDCK]) cells were exposed to MTX (10 μM or 100 μM) alone and with NAC (0.2 mM or 0.4 mM). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation at 1, 2, 4, and 24 h was measured by flow cytometer. Quantification of total glutathione (GSH) was performed by using GSH assay kit. To measure the impact of NAC on the antitumor activity of MTX, B lymphoma cells were exposed to MTX alone and with NAC. A percentage of apoptosis was measured using fluorescein isothiocyanate in both cell lines. Quantitative data was presented as a means ± standard deviation, and P values were analyzed using the Student′s t-test. Results: Apoptosis in MDCK cells were observed after 24 h of incubation with both 10 μM and 100 μM MTX. Maximum ROS generation was observed at 4 h and corresponded to GSH production. Treatment with 0.2 and 0.4 mM of NAC led to decrease percentages of apoptotic MDCK cells. NAC did not change either proliferation or apoptosis of B-cell lymphoma. Conclusion: Using NAC for kidney protection may not interfere with the antitumor activity of MTX. Further in vivo studies are warranted to confirm noninterference between MTX and NAC and assess synergistic antitumor effects.

Publication History

Publication Date:
12 July 2021 (online)

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