J Am Acad Audiol 2020; 31(05): 310-316
DOI: 10.3766/jaaa.18070
Research Article
American Academy of Audiology. All rights reserved. (2020) American Academy of Audiology

Improving Pediatric Hearing Testing for Children with Developmental Delays: The Effects of Video Modeling on Child Compliance and Caregiver Stress

Megan Y. Roberts
1  The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
,
Jennifer Rosenwasser
1  The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
,
Jennifer Phelan
1  The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
,
Lauren H. Hampton
1  The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
09 June 2020 (online)

Abstract

Background For children with developmental delays (DDs) of any kind (e.g., global DDs, autism spectrum disorder, and Down syndrome), it is essential to understand if a hearing loss may be contributing to these delays. However, toddlers with DDs may have difficulty understanding directions, may be uncomfortable with a new situation, or may simply not want to complete the hearing testing tasks. Regardless of the reasons, noncompliant behaviors have a negative impact on hearing testing, which requires reliable behavioral responses from the child.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to test a video intervention to improve hearing testing compliance in toddlers with developmental disabilities.

Research Design Double-blind randomized clinical trial.

Study Sample Twenty-four children with DDs between 24 and 36 months of age.

Intervention Video model of the hearing testing procedures.

Data Collection and Analysis The primary child outcome measure was the number of hearing tests completed by the audiologist. Caregiver outcome included a parent survey of perceived stress level before and after the evaluation.

Results There was no significant difference between treatment and control groups regarding the number of hearing tests that were completed. Parents in the treatment group reported less stress following the evaluation as compared with parents of children in the control group.

Conclusions Pre-exposure to the hearing testing procedures did not significantly improve patient compliance but may reduce caregiver stress. Given the high rates of noncompliance in toddlers with DDs, audiologists may benefit from multiple strategies to help improve testing compliance.