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Detection of the Acoustic Stapedius Reflex in Infants Using Wideband Energy Reflectance and Admittance
07 August 2020 (online)
This study examined the measurement of the contralateral acoustic stapedius reflex in six-week-old infants and adults using wideband shifts in admittance and energy reflectance (YR). The reflex activator was bandpass noise from 2,500 to 11,000 Hz presented at a maximum spectrum level of 51 dB SPL measured in the ear canal. Reflexes were detected by calculating a cross-correlation between one-twelfth-octave measurements of YR for the highest activator level and responses to lower levels. The reflex-induced shifts in YR for the infant ears were similar in pattern to adult responses but were noisy at frequencies below 1000 Hz. Infant reflexes were more successfully detected when the cross-correlation was calculated from 1000 to 8000 Hz, whereas adult reflexes were more successfully detected for a cross-correlation from 250 to 2000 Hz. This method may be useful in capturing the most robust frequency region for acoustic reflex detection across postnatal middle ear development.