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Discrimination of Speech Sound Contrasts Determined with Behavioral Tests and Event-Related Potentials in Cochlear Implant Recipients
07 August 2020 (online)
Cortical potentials evoked with speech stimuli were investigated in ten experienced cochlear implant (CI, type Nucleus 24M) users using three different speech-coding strategies and two different speech contrasts, one vowel (/i/-/a/) and one consonant (/ba/-/da/) contrast. On average, results showed that, compared to subjects with normal hearing, P300 amplitudes were smaller; however, most latencies were within the normal range. Next, individual P300 measures in response to the two speech contrasts were compared to behavioral discrimination scores. Significant within-subject differences in P300 amplitudes and latencies were found for the three speech coding strategies. These differences were in agreement with the behavioral, strategy-dependent discrimination of the speech contrasts.