J Pediatr Intensive Care 2013; 02(02): 081-084
DOI: 10.3233/PIC-13054
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart – New York

Cardiac footprints of a neonatal vein of Galen malformation

Kambiz Norozi
a  Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
b  Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
,
Rohit Arora
a  Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
,
Henry Roukema
a  Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
,
Victor Han
a  Department of Pediatrics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
,
Ralf Rauch
c  Department of Pediatrics, Rems-Murr Hospital, Waiblingen, Germany
› Author Affiliations

Subject Editor:
Further Information

Publication History

13 December 2012

09 January 2013

Publication Date:
28 July 2015 (online)

Abstract

Vein of Galen arterio-venous malformation is a rare congenital anomaly, which presents in the neonatal period. High output heart failure in the absence of an underlying structural heart defect points towards the condition and is an important contributing factor for morbidity and mortality. We describe a case of a term newborn who presented with respiratory distress and cardiomegaly. The characteristic echocardiographic findings of high output cardiac failure were found and eventually led to the diagnosis of an underlying vein of Galen arterio-venous malformation. The relevant literature is discussed.