J Pediatr Infect Dis 2009; 04(04): 397-404
DOI: 10.3233/JPI-2009-0204
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart – New York

Isolated herpes simplex virus pneumonia in children

Rashed A. Hasan
a  Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, St. Vincent Mercy Children’s Hospital, Toledo, OH, USA
,
Vineet K. Gupta
a  Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, St. Vincent Mercy Children’s Hospital, Toledo, OH, USA
,
Walid Abuhammour
b  Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Michigan State University, Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI, USA
› Author Affiliations

Subject Editor:
Further Information

Publication History

25 September 2008

04 March 2009

Publication Date:
28 July 2015 (online)

Abstract

Disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is a well recognized condition in infants and children. However, the diagnosis of isolated HSV pneumonia, without evidence of other organ involvement, in this population is rare. We present a case series of isolated HSV pneumonia in four patients, all of which survived this acute illness with normal neurological outcome. Clinical features, diagnostic approaches, intensive care management, and antiviral drug therapy are reviewed.