J Pediatr Infect Dis 2009; 04(04): 405-408
DOI: 10.3233/JPI-2009-0193
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart – New York

A case of acute transverse myelitis due to measles virus

Ayumi Endo
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Tatsuo Fuchigami
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Yuki Imai
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Wakako Ishii
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Chikako Arakawa
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Ryutaro Kohira
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Yukihiko Fujita
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Hiroyuki Izumi
b  Division of Pediatrics, Itabashi Medical Association Hospital, 3-12-6 Takashimadaira, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
,
Hideo Mugishima
a  Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan
› Author Affiliations

Subject Editor:
Further Information

Publication History

20 February 2009

14 April 2009

Publication Date:
28 July 2015 (online)

Abstract

A case of measles that developed myelitis is reported for the past 20 years, only nine pediatric cases including this case, have been reported in the literature. Moreover, there is no consensus about treatment. In the present case, steroid pulse therapy was, begun four days after the neurological symptoms appeared, and the prognosis was excellent. It is important to start steroid pulse therapy at the early stage in children with acute transverse myelitis after establishing the diagnosis.