Fatal cryptococcosis presenting as hepatobiliary dysfunction in an ALL patient
11 February 2014
11 April 2014
28 July 2015 (online)
Although current therapies for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children provide high cure rates, invasive fungal infections remain a significant source of mortality. We report a fatal case of cryptococcosis presenting as hepatic dysfunction in a patient with ALL and Down syndrome. Autopsy results confirmed Cryptococcus septicemia with involvement of lungs, liver, and lymph nodes. The severity of the fungal sepsis and underlying immunosuppression probably contributed to the unusual presentation and fatal outcome. This report highlights the need to consider cryptococcal infection as a cause of sepsis syndrome in immunocompromised patients when bacterial cultures are negative.