Tension pneumothorax following serotype-3 pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia
03 June 2013
24 October 2013
28 July 2015 (online)
Pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia can lead to severe barotrauma resulting from air passage through a bronchopleural fistula. Here we present a case of a 15-month old infant who presented with a life-threatening tension pneumothorax that developed ten days after discharge from hospital after 14 days treatment with intravenous cefotaxime for pneumococcal empyema. The patient recovered full after urgent surgical decompression, and the fistula closed without further surgical intervention.